Everything You Need To Know About The National Day Of Mourning!

National Day of Mourning

The Mayflower Pilgrims would not have made it without the assistance of the Native American community they encountered upon arriving in America.

Instead, the friendship and understanding between the two groups resulted in a holiday celebrated all over the world: Thanksgiving.

There’s more to the Thanksgiving story than just turkey and Pilgrims.

There are two parties involved: the European colonists who arrived on the Mayflower and the indigenous people whose land they settled in.

Although these groups worked together for a while, the events of the 17th century and the years following the Mayflower’s arrival resulted in the unprecedented mass slaughter of Native Americans, the theft of their land, and the enslavement of their people.

It is not a day of thanksgiving for those who trace their ancestry back to the survivors, but rather a day of mourning.

History Of National Day Of Mourning

Despite the common perception that the Pilgrims and Native Americans helped each other out, the true story of this holiday is much more complicated. This celebration was established by the United American Indians of New England (UAINE) to draw attention to the widespread democide and misrepresentation of Native Americans.

History Of National Day Of Mourning

The United American Indian Experience (UANIE) is a Native American-led, self-sustaining organization that fights for Native American and political prisoner rights.

The day was established because of something one Native American person went through. Wamsutta, an Aquinnah Wampanoag, was reportedly asked to speak at a lavish Commonwealth of Massachusetts banquet commemorating the 350th anniversary of the landing of the Pilgrims, and he subsequently requested a copy of his speech.

Wamsutta was informed by a Department of Commerce and Development official that he would not be permitted to deliver the speech within a few days. Since then, UANIE has encouraged its members to observe the National Day of Mourning as a way to reflect on the racism and oppression they experienced and to honor the people who have died fighting for freedom throughout history.


Cole’s Hill in Plymouth, Massachusetts is where the bulk of their work is done. In an effort to learn the truth about history and the distortions that have been passed down through the ages, they invited speakers and organized a march through the Plymouth neighborhood.

How To Celebrate National Day Of Mourning

UANIE rituals begin with a daylong fast from sunset on the first day of the event until the afternoon of the second day. When it’s time to break their fast, political speakers are invited to bring food. After that, they go on a protest march through the entire area.

How To Celebrate National Day Of Mourning

Even though it’s set in New England, the event is meant to inspire people all over the United States. Thanksgiving is a great time to fast and learn about Native American culture because it coincides with family gatherings where food is prepared.

Despite its focus on Native Americans, a National Day of Mourning is open to people of all cultures and ethnicities who wish to show their support by joining in the commemoration.


A Ship Arrives From The East 

On November 21st, 1620, the Mayflower and its passengers landed in North America after a harrowing 66 days at sea.

The Mayflower was originally headed for New Virginia, where they had permission to colonize, but bad weather caused them to deviate significantly from their original course and eventually make landfall in Cape Harbour, near what is now Provincetown.

A Ship Arrives From The East 

Forty-one of the male passengers agreed to the terms of a document that came to be known as the Mayflower Compact. As a result, the Mayflower Pilgrims had a set of guidelines to follow before they could set foot on land, and those guidelines would prove to be invaluable to the success of their new colony. It was later argued that this was crucial to the development of American democracy.

After the colonists made the decision to work together, the Pilgrims sent expeditions ashore to look for a suitable location for their settlement and to collect juniper wood to burn in the foul living quarters of the ship.

The local Wampanoag tribe had previously inhabited the clearing the colonists eventually settled in. Many years ago, when the Great Dying broke out, a disease brought to their shores by European sailors and slavers, the tribe fled the village.

Last Words

The colonists left Provincetown on December 26, 1620, and by the following day, they had arrived in Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts, where they met no resistance to their settlement.

When the colonists finally set foot on the land, they discovered that they were unprepared for the severe winter that lay ahead of them.

Those who had remained on the Mayflower found themselves caring for the sick and dying. Fifty people out of the original 102 on the Mayflower had died by the end of that first winter.

When the Mayflower’s crew started to feel better after a bout with illness, Captain Christopher Jones sailed them back to England in a fraction of the time it took on the initial trip.

According to legend, a Native American named Samoset visited the Plymouth colony in March 1621 and introduced himself.

After spending the night chatting with the Pilgrims, this Wampanoag brought another English-speaking Native American named Tisquantum, or Squanto, to meet them.

Squanto was kidnapped and sold into slavery by European sailors the first time around. Having been freed, he’d gone back to his country and was now acting as an interpreter for a fellow sailor.


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Karan Siradi

I am an author and a public speaker. I was born in India and have travelled to many different countries. I have a masters in public communication from California University and I love to write about famous peoples from different industries.

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