Guru Nanak Jayanti 2022: Find Out When Gurpurab Is, How It Is Celebrated, And What It Means!

guru nanak jayanti

Guru Nanak Dev Ji Jayanti, or Guru Nanak Jayanti, is the celebration of the birth of the first Sikh guru, Guru Nanak.

The Guru Nanak Jayanti celebration is the most important holiday for Sikhs. Observed annually, it commemorates the birth of the first Sikh Guru, a spiritual leader who is credited with helping to find and develop the Sikh faith and culture.

According to Sikh scripture, Guru Nanak’s birthday is observed on the Full Moon of the Indian lunar month of Kartik.

One of Sikhism’s central figures is Guru Nanak. Guru Nanak’s birth date, Vaisakhi, falls on April 14 in the Nanakshahi calendar.

Some Sikhs, however, believe that Guru Nanak was born on the full moon day of Kartik (the lunar month that corresponds to October/November on the Gregorian calendar).

Celebrations for the holiday start in Gurudwaras two days before the actual Guru Nanak Jayanti date. The Akhand Path consists of a nonstop recitation of the Guru Granth Sahib over the course of 48 hours.

The day before Guru Nanak’s actual birthday, there will be a Nagarkirtan procession. It is led by the Panj Pyare, a group of five men who carry the Nishan Sahib, the triangular Sikh flag.

The holy Guru Grant Sahib is carried in a palanquin during the procession. The participants sing hymns, play traditional instruments, and put on martial arts displays as a group.

How Is Guru Nanak Jayanti Celebrated?

Happy celebrations last for three days in honor of Guru Nanak Jayanti. Gurudwaras are the sites where the Sikh spiritual practice known as Akhand Path is organized.

How Is Guru Nanak Jayanti Celebrated

Through the practice of the Akhand Path, Sikhs commit to reading the holy book nonstop for 48 hours. An important procession will be held the night before the festival, with Panj Pyaras at the helm.

The procession will travel all over the state of Punjab, carrying the Sikh flag with them. People will start singing Asa-di-Var at sunrise on the day of the festival.

A common practice in Gurudwaras is the recitation of poetry by priests. Prepared in the afternoon, langar is a meal for the poor. Guests of the community lunch include friends, families, and relatives. Devotees will sing sacred songs in honor of this momentous event.

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History Of Guru Nanak Jayanti

Kartik Poornima, the fifteenth lunar day of Kartik in the Hindu calendar, is when the festival is celebrated. This day falls in the Gregorian calendar months of October or November. All Sikhs observe Guru Nanak Jayanti in a similar manner, with the hymns being the only real point of differentiation.

Traditionally, the festivities get rolling with Prabhat Pheris. Early morning Prabhat Pheris, accompanied by hymn singing, depart from Gurudwaras and make their way through the neighborhoods.

History Of Guru Nanak Jayanti

Akhand Path (a forty-eight hour non-stop reading of the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikhs) is typically held in the ‘Gurdwaras’ two days before the birthday.

A celebration known as Nagarkirtan is planned for the day before the actual birthday. The Panj Pyaras is at the head of this parade (Five Beloved Ones).

The Nishan Sahib, the Sikh flag, and the Palki (palanquin) of Guru Granth Sahib are at the forefront of the procession. Groups of singers chant hymns after them, and worshippers join in on the chorus.

At Rai Bhoi Ki Talwandi, in what is now the Sekhpura district of Pakistan, on April 15, 1469, Guru Nanak Dev Ji entered the world and began his life’s work as a religious leader. His birthplace, in the city now known as Nankana Sahib in Pakistan’s Punjab province, is marked by a Gurudwara.

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Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak Dev Ji in the 15th century, and he is revered as a great spiritual leader. Initiating the Guru Granth Sahib, he eventually contributed 974 hymns to it.

The central verses of the Guru Granth Sahib explain that there is only one creator of the cosmos. His poetry also advocates for a world in which people of all backgrounds can live in peace and prosperity with equal access to justice.

Both messengers and reincarnation are forbidden in Sikhism. The Sikh faith is based on the idea of a guru serving as a spiritual and social leader.

Guru Nanak Jayanti Celebrations Across India

Guru Nanak Jayanti, a holiday primarily celebrated by the Sikh community, is widely celebrated across the country. To honor Guru Nanak’s birth, not only Sikhs but also Hindus hold a holiday on his behalf.

Guru Nanak Jayanti Celebrations Across India

On this day, Sikhs around the world gather at sacred places known as Gurudwaras to recite scripture from the Guru Granth Sahib.

Sikhs all over the world decorate their homes and throw elaborate parties to celebrate the holiday. Tens of thousands of Sikh and Hindu families travel to Amritsar on this day each year to worship at the Golden Temple and participate in the festivities and feasts that accompany their pilgrimage.

Final Words

November 8 marks the 553rd year since Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s birth. The Sikh holiday of Gurpurab is widely recognised as one of the religion’s most significant celebrations. Awakening, according to Sikhs, came with Guru Nanak Dev Ji.


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Karan Siradi

I am an author and a public speaker. I was born in India and have travelled to many different countries. I have a masters in public communication from California University and I love to write about famous peoples from different industries.

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