Crusader analysis of Chicago’s COVID-19 dashboard found that nine people died in six Black zip codes within a week. Chicago’s 6.2 positivity rate indicates that the city’s 2.7 million residents are at a medium risk as the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 rises for a second consecutive week as of December 19. Three deaths in the 60621 zip code, which is predominantly Black, brought Chicago’s Black death toll to 150.
There were two COVID-19 deaths in the 60620 (Auburn Gresham, Chatham, Beverly) zip code area in a single week, with an additional death occurring in each of the following areas: 60617 (East Side, South Chicago, South Shore, Avalon Park, Hegewisch, Pullman); 60619 (Chatham, Greater Grand Crossing, Burnside, Avalon Park, South Shore); 60649 (South Shore, Woodlawn, Avalon Park, South
Only one of Oakland’s 20 Black zip codes (60653; Oakland, Grand Boulevard) had a positivity rate higher than the city’s average (6.2%). There have been over three times as many reported cases of adults in Chicago Public Schools as there were at this time last year, and the number of reported cases among students has increased by a factor of two.
CPS data from the start of the school year on August 21 shows 5,003 cases involving adults and 8,539 involving students. If the COVID-19 level in Chicago rises to an unsafe level, the city’s health department has promised residents a formal advisory to stay indoors and wear masks.
Even though the school year was shorter in 2021, ABC7 Chicago reported 1,335 cases among adults and 4,182 among students. More than three times as many adults were affected, and slightly more than twice as many students were affected, compared to the same point in the school year last year.
Wide Variation In COVID-19 Case And Mortality Rates
As of August 5, 2022, the CDC had recorded over 84 million cases, for which the racial or ethnicity was known for over 65 percent, or more than 55 million, and over 880,000 fatalities, for which the racial or ethnicity was known for 85 percent, or more than 750,000.
It should be noted that these estimates deviate from those found elsewhere because they are based on a subset of data for which state health departments have reported case-level demographic information to the CDC.
As of August 5, 2022, for instance, the CDC estimates that COVID has caused over a million deaths worldwide. Because people who get a positive result from a home test might not report it to their local health department, case data are also likely to be significantly underreported.
After controlling for age disparities by race and ethnicity, the total cumulative data shows that Black, Hispanic, AIAN, and NHOPI people have had higher rates of COVID-19 cases and deaths than White people. Compared to Whites, people of Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander descent (NHOPI),
people of Hispanic or Latino descent (AIAN), and people of African descent (Black) are each about twice as likely to die from COVID-19 as Whites, according to age-standardized data (Figure 1). Large gaps in COVID-19 hospitalizations between AIAN, Black, and Hispanic populations are also reported by the CDC.
(There is no demographic breakdown of NHOPI people in the CDC data.) The risk of infection, illness, and death can vary by age, and the distribution of ages varies across racial and ethnic groups, so it is important to account for an age when comparing groups on health measures.
By eliminating the effects of age distribution differences, age-adjusted measures of health status can be directly compared across groups. Since the White population tends to be older than non-White populations and COVID-19 mortality rates have historically been higher among the elderly, unadjusted rates tend to underestimate racial disparities for deaths from this virus. Case rates by race and ethnicity show little change after adjusting for age, suggesting that age is not a major factor in the likelihood of infection.
Variations In Occurrence And Mortality Rate
Comparing monthly CDC and NCHS data on COVID-19 infections and fatalities reveals widening and narrowing disparities over the course of the pandemic.
Disparities tend to widen when the virus is at epidemic levels and to narrow when it is under control. Disparities by race and ethnicity, as well as between cases and fatalities, have changed over the course of the pandemic.
Age-adjusted monthly data on cases by race/ethnicity from April 2020 to July 2022 are displayed in Figure 2. Unadjusted and age-adjusted data for reported cases showed no discernible differences in patterns of disparities. Overall, the data show that racial disparities widen during outbreaks and then shrink when infection rates decline.
While COVID Deaths Decreased Again In October, The Data At The State Level Reveals Wide Variations
COVID- The overall death rate for Americans and for each major racial and ethnic group in the country decreased by 19 for the second consecutive month. By comparison, white and Indigenous Americans saw the smallest decreases, at 11% and 4%, respectively. The largest percentage drops were seen among Pacific Islander and Latino Americans, at 70% and 33%, respectively.
The monthly death toll among Pacific Islander Americans has dropped to its lowest point since the pandemic began, with only three deaths recorded in October. With only three deaths recorded in October, the crude mortality rate is the second lowest among all racial and ethnic groups. A total of 363 deaths per 100,000 Pacific Islander Americans makes their crude mortality rate the second highest of any population group affected by the pandemic. September of 2021 saw 222 deaths among Pacific Islander Americans, the highest monthly total ever recorded.
In October, the death rate among multiracial Americans was the lowest of any demographic group, at 0.4 per 100,000. At 3.9 deaths per 100,000 people, the rate among white Americans was the highest, followed by a rate among Indigenous Americans of 3.0.
Health officials in Chicago have issued warnings as the holiday season begins and concerns grow about the possible triple threat of COVID-19, RSV, and the flu. The disproportionately high number of flu cases among black residents is a major factor in the rising cost of healthcare for hospitals.
Dr. Allison Arwady, the commissioner of the Chicago Department of Public Health, has stated, “Unvaccinated Chicagoans are twice as likely to get COVID-19 than those who are up to date.”When the first COVID-19 vaccines were given out in Chicago two years ago, the city’s department of public health decided to renew its campaign to convince residents to get vaccinated.
A secondary issue is the shortage of hospital beds in the region. Statistics from the Illinois Department of Public Health show that the state’s hospitals are using 83% of their intensive care unit capacity. In a state where only 17% of hospital beds are available, this includes more than 180 patients diagnosed with COVID-19, and officials from the state’s department of health report an increase in the number of patients being treated for influenza.